Banned Export Items from Brazil
Brazil is a major exporter of commodities and other products, but according to the Brazilian law not everything can be sold abroad. A few national items are subjected to stay in the country and here you'll find out some of them.
Brazil export a lot a goods, but there is some products that cannot leave Brazilian territory, which means that they are not allowed to be exported abroad. There is no list of these goods, but some specific laws comprise in their product listing the items that must stay in Brazil.
Raw hides and skins of amphibians and reptiles
Raw skins and hides cannot be exported without authorization from the environmental authority, Ibama. In case of export hides and skins treated or processed in the country, an investigation must be developed in order to verify if the animals from which the product originated were hunted and used legally. The export of raw hides and skins of these sorts of animals, without authorization from Ibama is considered an environmental crime.
Animals in Extinction
Until the Animal Protect Act of 1967, crimes against fauna were treated as crimes against property and the animals were evaluated merely as market items. Thus, due to the evolution of the Brazilian Environmental Law, the Wildlife has assumed a status of importance to the entire community.
The Constitution now protects wildlife as one of the elements of the natural environment and as well as for the common use. Brazil has a list of 627 species in extinction, according to research conducted in 2008 by the Ministry of Environment. The previous list, published in 1989, had 218 animals.
The wildlife trafficking is the third largest illegal activity in the world, standing just behind the trafficking of weapons and drugs. This trade moves approximately 20 billion dollars per year across the planet and Brazil's share is 15%. Due to rich Brazilian biodiversity, the country is one of the main targets of illegal animals trafficking, which represents a great risk to the survival of many species of it's fauna.
There are animals that are in critical condition in nature and therefore listed in the official list of Ibama as endangered. The commercialization of these animals is only possible with special licenses obtained with Ibama.
The following animals represents a few species that cannot be exported:
- Ararinha Azul - Spix's Macaw or Little Blue Macaw
- Arara Azul Grande - Hyacinth Macaw
- Mico Leão Dourado e Preto - Black Lion Tamarin or Golden-Rumped Lion Tamarin
- Ariranha - Giant Otter
- Baleia Franca - Balaenidae Whale Family
- Lobo Guará - Maned Wolf
- Mero - Atlantic Goliath Grouper
Plants in Extinction
Ornamental and wild plants are completely forbidden for export activities, as well as some medicinal plants named Ipecacuana and the Jaborandi leaf. Wood exports are also contained in this topic, Jacaranda-da-Bahia and Pau Brasil cannot be commercialized outside the country.
Ministry of Culture Authorization
The works of art produced in Brazil until the end of the monarchy period, as well as the ones originated in Portugal and incorporate to national scenario during the colonial and imperial regimes, and the works of art produced abroad that represents Brazilian personalities, History, local customs or landscapes, need an authorization of the Ministry of Culture to be exported, otherwise they cannot leave national territory.
Libraries and documents files dated to the sixteen century to the nineteen century, complete or incomplete, that are relative to Brazilian works or about Brazil are also intend to stay in the national territory. Diaries and journals collections dated for more than ten years and any original or copy of national old songs scores are not allowed, as well, to be export from Brazil.
Special export situation
Some countries receive special treatment, in which the Brazilian general export law is not applied. In this case some products are forbidden to be exported only to some countries. Normally countries involved in conflicts or internal civil wars can not receive military weapons, vehicles and equipment. Brazil, for example, is not allowed to export these kind of products to Iraq and Libya.
Countries linked with nuclear weapons or with the development of nuclear technology cannot have access to Brazilian technologies that can improve the development of nuclear activity. North Korea and Iran are examples.