Brazil is third largest producer of fruit in the world. The country is responsible for the production of almost 42.2 million tons of this product and has an arable area of 2.2 million hectares distributed throughout the country.
Exports and Imports
The commercial production of Brazilian fruits has two designations: unprocessed fruit, that represents 47% of the country's production, and processed fruit representing 53%. Of the total amount of unprocessed produced in Brazil 31% is exported to abroad.
Among the processed fruits, juice is a very strong market, especially the orange juice, which represents one the largest volumes of exported products in the country. Apple and grape juice are also a large market, while passion fruit juice leads the internal market, representing 90% of the Brazilian juice consumption.
Brazilian Orange Juice Exports in millions USD
| January || 171.7 || 246.9 |
| February || 262.0 || 190.1 |
| March || 261.4 || 204.5 |
| April || 79.5 || 177.6 |
| May || 178.5 || 180.9 |
| June || 175.6 || 154.3 |
| July || 213.7 || 155.5 |
| August || 157.5 || 188.5 |
| September || 222.2 || 153.9 |
| October || 192.2 || 185.2 |
| November || 205.0 || 252.5 |
| December || 156.9 || 205.5 |
In relation to nuts and tropical chestnuts, Brazil exported 37 thousand tons of processed cashew nuts valued at 187.7 thousand USD in 2012. In the same year, 10.3 thousand tons of Brazil nuts were exported, equivalent to 20.5 thousand USD.
Through the World
The European Union is the largest market for the Brazilian fruits, almost 70% of the fruits exported from Brazil are consumed by this economic bloc. 34% of the exports are destined to the Netherlands, however the country works not only as a consumer, but also as a distributor to other countries of the European Union. The direct consumers are the United Kingdom, United States, Germany, Argentina, Uruguay, Belgium, Canada, France, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
The Brazilian production of fruit is based on small and medium size farms and which represents 6% of the worldwide production of this product, but how can Brazil can produce so much?
The Country is Blessed with Productive Landscapes
It could sound a little bit strange, but considering natural aspects, Brazil is really lucky. The Brazilian territory's size, great geographic position, vast biodiversity and good weather and soil conditions allow the country to produce all types of fruits: tropical, subtropical and temperate all yearlong.
The fruit industry in Brazil is responsible for 5.6 million of jobs, with 34% of this amount related to the agricultural labor force. For each 100 thousand USD earned in this sector, there are three direct and permanent jobs and two indirect jobs generated.
Who Produces What?
Brazil has an incredible variety of fruits of all types. The largest producers of these fruits are concentrated in the Southeast, Northeast and South regions of the country, highlighting the States of São Paulo, Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul. However, there are some cities that are famous for being associated with a certain fruit that they produce.
| Strawberry || Atibaia |
Atibaia is located in the Southeast region of Brazil, 70 km from the city São Paulo. The city is known as the city of strawberries, because it’s one of the largest producer of this fruit in Brazil.
| Grape || Vinhedo and Caxias do Sul |
Both cities, one located in São Paulo and the other in Rio Grande do Sul, dispute for the title of city of grapes, due to their large grape production.
| Bananas || São Vicente Férrer |
In the north of the State of Pernambuco lies the city of São Vicente Férrer. Every year the city presents the Banana Party in the month of September, in order to celebrate the fruit crop's beginning.
| Caqui || Itatiba |
Located in the region of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, there’s Itatiba known by the quality of its Caquis.
| Apple || Porto Amazonas |
The city is located in Paraná and its responsible for half of the production of apples in the state.
| Watermelons || Jatobá |
A good part of Jatobá's economy is composed of the production and commercialization of watermelons.
| Açaí || Codajás |
The fruit Açaí has conquered the Brazilians' palate, consumed in many different forms, but all of them originated from the fruit itself. The city Codajás located in Amazonas is known as “city of Açaí”, due to its production of high quality Açaí.