The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) estimated that Brazil’s population shall reach “growth zero” in 2039, with 219 million people.
Since the 1960’s the growing rate of the Brazilian population has been presenting considerable decreases, which has accelerated with the significant decrease of fertility. The growing rate of the population decreased from 3.04% per year in the period 1950-1960, to 1.05% in 2008. In 2050, the growing rate will decrease to -0.291%, which will represent a population of 215.3 million inhabitants.
With 189 million people Brazil holds the position as the world’s fifth largest population. If the estimates from United Nations are correct, Brazil will be passed by Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nigeria and be the world’s ninth largest population by 2050.